Obesity is a complicated disease that is associated with many other health issues. Obesity treatment goes beyond a diet to lose weight or bariatric surgery. Patients should plan to adopt a new lifestyle that includes healthy eating, exercise, and regular doctor visits. This strategy will have the highest chance of preventing weight gain and the recurrence of medical problems.
Just after the surgery, patients will be given a special diet as per guided by the bariatric surgeon. Many patients are on a liquid diet at the initial stage then slowly they come on soft foods and with a gap of time they come on solid food.
It is critical to consume plenty of fluids soon after surgery, although this can be challenging. To avoid nausea, renal difficulties, constipation, and exhaustion, patients should drink 64 ounces of water or more. Patients will need to pay attention to how much protein they consume in addition to staying hydrated. Depending on the patient, most bariatric surgery programmes will prescribe 60 to 100 gms each day. This will necessitate a concentration on high-protein diets while avoiding items high in sugar and starch. Patients who do not consume enough protein may have weakness and muscle loss, which can lead to major complications.
Patients will need to take over-the-counter vitamins and minerals for the rest of their lives after any weight-loss operation. Patients will be told how much to take in each bariatric surgery program. A multivitamin, Vitamin B12, Calcium, Vitamin D, and Iron are common examples. Some people will require chewable vitamins, while others will be able to take pills if tolerated. Low vitamin and mineral levels can cause serious and even life-threatening medical problems in patients who do not take vitamins every day for the rest of their lives.
Patients who have undergone weight loss surgery generally report having increased energy and a desire to exercise. Patients, who walk frequently, beginning just a few hours after surgery, recover faster. Each patient is different and should consult with their surgeon before beginning vigorous exercise, but once started, it should be done with the objective of 30 minutes of moderate exercise each day on average. When exercise becomes a habit, it will also aid in weight loss
Many bariatric patients are already on multiple drugs to treat their ailments. Patients are frequently able to stop taking certain drugs or have their dosages reduced following surgery. These choices will be made in collaboration with the patient's primary care physician and surgeon. If you're on extended-release meds, you may need to switch to a different form of medication, and you may need to change your dosage right after surgery. A doctor or pharmacist should be consulted before making any changes, such as switching to liquid or chewable pills. After surgery, many patients will need to take anti-acid medicine.
Also Read: What is bariatric surgery
Patients who choose a significant surgical surgery to improve their health must give up smoking for the rest of life. Quitting smoking, on the other hand, maybe extremely difficult, and primary care physicians and surgeons can help by providing patients with tools to help them quit. Before undergoing bariatric surgery, the majority of programs will ask patients to abstain from using any nicotine products. This is because, in addition to lung cancer, tobacco smoking can cause a variety of difficulties
After bariatric surgery, drinking alcohol can have catastrophic repercussions. After surgery, alcohol is absorbed more quickly into the bloodstream, therefore bariatric surgery patients will have greater amounts of alcohol in their system for a long time after drinking than it stays before surgery.
Before surgery, female patients should have a birth control plan in place and avoid pregnancy for 12 to 18 months thereafter. To achieve their lowest potential weight and guarantee enough nourishment if they choose to become pregnant. Furthermore, bariatric surgery patients who previously struggled to conceive may discover that conceiving is considerably simpler following surgery. This can happen even if the woman has never had a period before the procedure.
Patients will be seen every few months for the first year after surgery. They should see a bariatric expert once a year for the rest of their lives. Obesity is a chronic illness that can persist or even return after surgery, so these checkups are crucial. Long-term follow-up may include further therapy, such as weight-loss drugs, lifestyle guidance.