Knee replacement is a common orthopedic procedure which is also known as knee arthroplasty or total knee replacement, used to resurface a knee damaged by arthritis or other orthopedic reasons. The surgery involves the removal of the damaged joint shells and replacing them with prosthetic metal and plastic components. This procedure can help lessen pain and enhance mobility in those suffering areas damaged by severe arthritis. It may also be used to treat certain types of fractures, tendon tears, and other conditions that cause discomfort, and pain and affects the mobility of the knee joint. Knee replacement surgery is typically recommended when more conventional treatments such as medications or physical therapy have failed to provide any relief or gain mobility of the knees.
Knee replacement surgery is sufficient to reduce pain and straighten up mobility in those suffering from osteoarthritis which is a degenerative joint disease and affects people with age after the fifties. It causes severe pain, swelling, and stiffness in the knee joints.
Knee replacement surgery is an increasingly popular technique to decrease pain and disability caused by a variety of conditions. The most common cause of knee replacement surgery is osteoarthritis, which can cause severe pain, discomfort, and stiffness in the knee joint. Other conditions that may also lead to the condition for knee replacement include traumatic injury by accident or any means, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and arthritis. In addition to diminishing pain and improving mobility, knee replacement surgery can also enhance the quality of life.
You need to take help for at least 24 hours just after the surgery that too with frame of crutches and knee caps but you will be able to walk by your own with the help of a walker just after the week. Talking about its recovery it takes several months to a year to fully recovered from the surgery. Recovery also depends upon the age, sex, and body conditions of the patients.
Knee replacement surgery replaces parts of worn-out knee joints which takes one to three hours to complete the procedure. The surgery can help relieve pain and make the knee work sufficiently. During the surgery, damaged bone and cartilage are replaced with parts made of metal like gold and plastic.
The most common type of knee replacement is total knee arthroplasty. During this procedure, the surgeon extracts all or part of the damaged joint exteriors and replaces them with metal and plastic prostheses. The prostheses are attached to the bone using screws inserted into holes drilled in the tibia also known as the shinbone, femur also known as the thighbone, and patella commonly known as the knee cap.
This procedure is also known as a "graft," this procedure can help lessen pain caused by osteoarthritis in knees that have undergone deterioration including tears and rips due to injury.
The therapy is more painful then you think. People compare it to a hip bone replacement but people with knee replacement surgery have to suffer from a lot of pain during the procedure.
And what is the biggest challenge after three months of the knee replacement is retrieving the movements of the knee for that you need intense physiotherapy in the initial months and then you have to follow a stick routine of daily one hour of exercise even though you fully gain the movements of your knee.
Read About Tips to avoid knee pain.
• Effectively manage pain
• Walk as soon as possible
• Physical therapy
Pain management after knee replacement surgery is very important, and there are many options for helping you deal with it.
1. Acetaminophen: Normal Tylenol taken at doses advised by your doctor can help with pain relief and have a much lower risk of future addiction.
2. Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs or NSAIDs are an incredible choice for non-narcotic pain medications, such as ibuprofen or Motrin and naproxen or Aleve.
If you are taking prescription medications, make sure to speak to your physician about which ones are secure when you have knee replacement surgery.
If you went through knee replacement surgery you need to walk as soon as possible. Your doctor will also recommend you walk for at least half an hour twice a day to get back to the normal stage you have before the knee problem occurred.
Physical therapy involves in-person or online therapies by certified physiotherapists. You have to take regular sessions for 2-4 weeks which will reduce as time departed to when you are fully prepared to walk comfortably on your own without the support of any walker for at least 15 minutes any then you will be recommended to do certain daily therapy exercises like bending to do at home until the knee starts bending its own at 110° degrees within the first 5 months.
It is suggested by the doctors that daily exercise for at least one hour after a knee replacement is a must. You can do it in parts too by accomplishing morning-evening exercise of half an hour each that should also not very intense. As the knee is still sensitive you have been advised to do certain exercises initially which you have to repeat daily.
After the surgery, you need crutches and knee bands to stabilize the joints and you have to take at rest for at least 10 days just after the surgery to reduce the swelling and make your leg controllable and moveable to initiate any physical therapy or exercise on them.
If you are not responding to any conventional treatment for your knee pain and your doctor is recommending knee replacement surgery then go for it. But you have to take care of yourself the extra mile because this surgery is sensitive and without proper guidance or follow-ups sometimes it can be ceased to function. Knee problems are treated by Joint replacement surgeon in Jaipur, because the are expert in these field.